How to be successful in government employment viva



The last step in the recruitment process for any organization is the defense.

There are differences between government and private organizations with regard to dress and preparation for the defense.

Candidates who have passed the BCS, non-executive PSC, and other government recruiting exams preliminary and written exams have the opportunity to take the viva exam.

Generally, the recruiting authority selects the candidates on the merit list three to five times from the total number of vacant places for the defense (in some institutions, those who have passed the written test can participate in the defense).

To successfully pass a government organization’s viva exam, it is necessary to study some common topics as well as an emphasis on common dress and manners.

Study material

1. Write down your personal information, your educational institution information (school, college and university), history and general information of your district, academic subjects of your undergraduate subject, etc.

In the category of personal information, you should study the meaning of your name and whether there is a famous person in your namesake. If so, you should study his life and work.

By introducing yourself, provide information about yourself and try to highlight your career goals and prove your dedicated mindset. Take notes on famous people who studied at your school, college or university and write about the current head of the institution and other relevant topics. You will need to review the core subjects of your academic program, including course names, general knowledge, father of subjects, etc.

2. Information relating to the constitution, liberation war, Bangabandhu, current affairs, Bangladeshi affairs, and international affairs should be studied from the guides or other reference books widely available in the market.

The Constitution, the liberation war, Bangabandhu, Bangladesh affairs and international affairs are very important in the BCS viva. Viva’s board of directors may want to be abreast of any recent national or international development, although it is not questioned too thoroughly in general government jobs.

3. In the case of the BCS exam, candidates should know their preferred frameworks from the guides available in the market. The hierarchy of the preferred executive, the name of the ministry concerned and its secretary and director general, the relevant award, the training academy, the post office, the responsibilities and powers of the various positions, the highest level or grade high, the relationship between the subject studied and the preferred framework, the framework related to the law should be studied in detail.

For other government institutions (other than BCS), it is necessary to know in advance the identity of the institution and knowledge of its sector. For example, for the post of Deputy Director of the Anti-Corruption Commission (ACC), applicants should know the organization chart of the Anti-Corruption Commission, ranks, institutional history, anti-corruption law, definition of corruption, types, international anti-corruption agency, recent position of countries on the basis of corruption, etc.

Dress for viva

Applicants should choose clothes that give them a formal elegant look. A white shirt and black pants is the most common and elegant combination of evening wear. However, any other stylish light-colored shirt and dark-colored pants can also be worn.

Also, long socks and black oxford shoes are perfect for a formal outfit. There is no requirement to wear a tie and suit when examining a government organization viva. If you want to wear a tie, a burgundy or navy tie with a white shirt will be a good choice.

According to official government rules, the costume must be worn in winter (October to March). Applicants can wear a wristwatch for a formal look. Contestants can wear light-colored cotton sarees, blouses with collars and long or quarter-length sleeves, light embellishments and slippers that don’t make much noise.

Common ways for viva

A candidate must show humility and intelligence when considering viva for a government post. Here are the procedures –

1. If you are asked a question in Bengali, answering in English is considered overripe and if you are asked a question in English, answering in Bengali is considered incompetence. Thus, your answer must be in the same language as the question.

2. You have reached the viva stage after passing the preliminary and written exam, so your merit does not need to be rechecked by the viva jury. They will check if you have a friendly attitude towards officers and if it is possible to make you an officer. You don’t have to answer all the questions. If you can’t answer a question, how well you can say you don’t know the answer to the question is your skill.

3. With a little tact, candidates will be able to control the Viva Board. A sequence of questions is maintained during the life of any government or private work and generally the next question is asked of the previous answer. So, while answering each question, you should be mindful of choosing your words for the answer.

For example: I was asked during a viva exam to “talk about the Sundarbans”. I replied “Mangrove forest”. The next question was “Define the mangrove forest”. This is why it is important to insert the words you know when technically answering a question. The following question can be asked in relation to a keyword.


Rabiul Alam Luipa is an officer of the 35th BCS (General Education)


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